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Zum Bedeutungsgehalt von Präpositionalobjekten. Eine musterbasierte Analyse verbaler Argumentstrukturen mit der Präposition vor

  • In German linguistics, a traditional distinction is made between (i) prepositional objects (POs) and prepositional adverbials, and (ii), among the latter, between adverbial complements and adjuncts. As a contribution to the debate on points of contact and possible syntheses between valency-based and construction-based approaches to verb argument structure, a corpus-based constructionist account of German PO and PP adverbial verb argument structures involving the preposition vor ‘in front of’ is developed. It is argued that ‘desemanticised’ PO-uses of vor are markers of inherently meaningful verb argument structure constructions that form a transparently motivated network comprising both PO and PP adverbial patterns. Analyses are presented for five interrelated families of vor constructions within the overall network thus defined. Their meanings are shown to reflect an interplay of more concrete spatial meanings of the preposition and the lexical semantics of verbal fillers of these constructions. Once conventionalised, they are subject to regular processes of metaphorical and metonymic semantic extension that are tentatively unravelled to create an integrated semantic map of verbal vor-constructions in present day German.

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2021/04/01

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Metadaten
Author:Arne ZeschelGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-93760
ISBN:978-3-95809-530-4
Parent Title (German):Konstruktionsgrammatik VI. Varianz in der konstruktionalen Schematizität
Series (Serial Number):Stauffenburg Linguistik (- 109 -)
Publisher:Stauffenburg
Place of publication:Tübingen
Editor:Dániel Czicza, Volodymyr Dekalo, Gabriele Diewald
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:German
Year of first Publication:2019
Date of Publication (online):2019/11/06
Publicationstate:Zweitveröffentlichung
Reviewstate:(Verlags)-Lektorat
GND Keyword:Argumentstruktur; Deutsch; Muster <Struktur>; Präposition; vor
First Page:39
Last Page:78
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
BDSL-Classification:Grammatik
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Semantik
Linguistics-Classification:Syntax
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG