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Phonological analysis at the word level: the role of corpora

  • Notions such as “corpus-driven” versus “theory-driven” bring into focus the specific role of corpora in linguistic research. As for phonology with its intrinsic focus on abstract categorical representation, there is a question of how a strictly corpus-driven approach can yield insight into relevant structures. Here we argue for a more theory-driven approach to phonology based on the concept of a phonological grammar in terms of interacting constraints. Empirical validation of such grammars comes from the potential convergence of the evidence from various sources including typological data, neutralization patterns, and in particular patterns observed in the creative use of language such as acronym formation, loanword adaptation, poetry, and speech errors. Further empirical validation concerns specific predictions regarding phonetic differences among opposition members, paradigm uniformity effects, and phonetic implementation in given segmental and prosodic contexts. Corpora in the narrowest sense (i.e. “raw” data consisting of spontaneous speech produced in natural settings) are useful for testing these predictions, but even here, special purpose-built corpora are often necessary.

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Metadaten
Author:Renate Raffelsiefen, Anja Geumann
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-74774
DOI:https://doi.org/10.17885/heiup.361.509
ISBN:978-3-946054-82-5
Parent Title (English):Grammar and corpora 2016
Publisher:Heidelberg University Publishing
Place of publication:Heidelberg
Editor:Eric Fuß, Marek Konopka, Beata Trawiński, Ulrich Hermann Waßner
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2018/05/23
Publicationstate:Veröffentlichungsversion
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
Tag:German vowels; abstractness; optimality theory; phonological grammar; speech corpora
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Gesprochene Sprache; Grammatik; Phonetik; Vokal
First Page:289
Last Page:312
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Phonetik / Phonologie
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 4.0 International