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How does ‘cognition’ matter to the analysis of talk-in-interaction?

  • Conversation Analysis (CA) and Discursive Psychology (DP) reject the view that assumptions about cognitive processes should be used to account for discursive phenomena. Instead, cognitive issues are respecified as discursive phenomena. Discursive psychologists do this by studying discursive practices of talking about mental phenomena and using mental predicates. This approach is exemplified by a study of the use of constructions with German verstehen (‘to understand’) in conversation. Some conversation analysts take another approach, namely, inquiring into how participants display mental states in talk-in-interaction. This is exemplified by a study of how grammatical constructions are used to display different types of inferences drawn from a partner’s prior turn. It will be argued that the constructivist, antiessentialist stance which CA and DP take with regard to cognition is a prosperous line of research, which has much in its favor from a methodological point of view. However, it can be shown that tacit assumptions about cognitive processes are still inevitable when doing CA and DP. As a conclusion, the paper pleads for an enhanced awareness of how cognitive processes come into play when analysing talk-in-interaction and it advocates the integration of a more explicit cognitive perspective into research on talk-in-interaction.

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Author:Arnulf DeppermannORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Language Sciences
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2012
Tag:Kognition; Konversationsanalyse; Psychologie; Verstehen
Page Number:17
First Page:746
Last Page:764
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
BDSL-Classification:Sprache im 20. Jahrhundert. Gegenwartssprache
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Gesprächsforschung / Gesprochene Sprache
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung 3.0 Deutschland