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A focus analysis of apparent predicational clefts

  • This paper discusses a specific subclass of English it-clefts posited in the theoretical literature, so-called predicational clefts. The main point of the paper is to show that there is no need to postulate such a separate class. Predicational clefts look special because of the narrow focus on the adjective within an indefinite pivot, but their special properties can all be derived from this narrow focus in a focus analysis in which it-clefts express contrasting focus. Contrasting focus means that besides the assertion of the proposition expressed in the cleft, there is one contrasting proposition which is excluded. The focus on the adjective in apparent predicational clefts gives rise to a narrow set of relevant alternatives, all of which differ only in the adjectival property within the pivot. The analysis developed here can account for many of the observations for apparent predicational clefts. Other properties are shown to be not conclusive. Thus, predicational clefts need not be considered a special subclass beyond their special focus characteristics.

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Author:Jutta M. HartmannGND
Parent Title (English):Belgian Journal of Linguistics
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2019/02/15
Tag:English; contrast; focus; focus alternatives; it-clefts; specificational copular clauses
GND Keyword:Englisch; Fokus <Linguistik>; Informationsstruktur; Spaltsatz; Syntax
First Page:121
Last Page:143
Dieser Beitrag ist aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen online nicht frei zugänglich.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:nein
Program areas:Grammatik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt