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Exemplars and analogy: Semantic extension in constructional networks

  • How (and when) do speakers generalise from memorised exemplars of a construction to a productive schema? The present paper presents a novel take on this issue by offering a corpus-based approach to semantic extension processes. Focusing on clusters of German ADJ N expressions involving the heavily polysemous adjective tief ‚deep’, it is shown that type frequency (a commonly used measure of productivity) needs to be relativised to distinct semantic classes within the overall usage spectrum of a given construction in order to predict the occurrence of novel types within a particular region of this spectrum. Some methodological and theoretical implications for usage-based linguistic model building are considered.

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Metadaten
Author:Arne Zeschel
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-64929
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110226423.201
ISBN:978-3-11-022641-6
Parent Title (English):Quantitative Methods in Cognitive Semantics: Corpus-Driven Approaches
Series (Serial Number):Cognitive Linguistics Research (46)
Publisher:de Gruyter Mouton
Place of publication:Berlin [u.a.]
Editor:Dylan Glynn, Kerstin Fischer
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2010
Date of Publication (online):2017/10/04
Publicationstate:Veröffentlichungsversion
Reviewstate:(Verlags)-Lektorat
Tag:Bedeutungserweiterung
productivity; semantic extension; type frequency; usage-based model
GND Keyword:Korrelationsanalyse; Semasiologie; Sprachwandel
First Page:201
Last Page:220
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Korpuslinguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Quantitative Linguistik
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung 3.0 Deutschland