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Meta-computerlexikografische Bemerkungen zu Vernetzungen in XML-basierten Onlinewörterbüchern – am Beispiel von "elexiko"

  • This contribution outlines a conceptual analysis of the dictionary-internal cross-reference structure in electronic dictionaries along the lines of Wiegand’s actional-theoretical text theory of print dictionaries. The discussion focuses on issues of XML-based data modeling, using the monolingual German online dictionary elexiko as a running example. The first part of the article demonstrates how Wiegand’s formal theory of mediostructure and its intricate nomenclature can be extended in a systematic and lexicographically justified way to cover the structure of the underlying lexicographical database of online dictionaries. The second part of the article applies the concepts developed to a more technical question, examining the extent to which cross-reference information can be stored and processed separately from the dictionary entry documents, e.g., in a relational database. The results are largely negative; in most real world cases, this leads to an unwanted duplication of XML-related structural information. The concluding third part briefly describes the strategy chosen for elexiko: mediostructural information is not externalized at all; cross-reference consistency checks are performed by a dictionary editing tool that takes advantage of a specialized XML database index and can easily be made more efficient and scalable by using a simple caching technique.

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Author:Peter MeyerGND
Parent Title (German):Vernetzungsstrategien, Zugriffsstrukturen und automatisch ermittelte Angaben in Internetwörterbüchern
Series (Serial Number):OPAL - Online publizierte Arbeiten zur Linguistik (2014,2)
Publisher:Institut für Deutsche Sprache
Place of publication:Mannheim
Editor:Andrea Abel, Lothar Lemnitzer
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2014
Date of Publication (online):2014/10/16
GND Keyword:Computerunterstützte Lexikographie
First Page:9
Last Page:21
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt