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Lexikalische Bedeutung oder Konstruktionsbedeutungen? : eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Konstruktionen mit verstehen

  • Using different constructions with the German item vcrstchcn (engl. understand), the current study addresses the relationship between lexical and constructional meaning. Construction grammar and cognitive grammar reject the theoretical distinction between (a semantic) lexicon and (a formal) syntax (e.g., Langacker: 2000). Instead, they take constructions to be the units of linguistic competence. It is claimed that constructions consist of form-meaning-pairings (e.g. Goldberg: 1995; Croft: 2001). From this view, it follows that formal variation should result in functional variation. Lexical items should therefore acquire different meanings depending on the constructions in which they occur. To test this claim, 300 instances of uses of the German lexical item verstehen in talk-in-interaction were inspected for the local meanings verstehen acquires in each case. The article compares the semantics of verstehen in two different constructions: The discourse marker verstehst du? (engl. do you understand?) and the negative construction [NP] nicht verstehen [COMP], The data show a poly- semic spectrum of meanings of verstehen, which is similar for both constructions. The precise local meaning of verstehen in most cases depends on pragmatic and discursive factors and is not provided for by the constructions themselves. There are, however, subtypes of the two constructions that satisfy the condition of being a form-meaning-pair. As a conclusion, some prospects for the conceptualization of different sources of meaning within a construction grammar approach are suggested.

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Metadaten
Author:Arnulf DeppermannORCiDGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-24890
ISBN:978-3-86057-175-0
Parent Title (German):Konstruktionsgrammatik : von der Konstruktion zur Grammatik; Bd. 2 / Anatol Stefanowitsch; Kerstin Fischer (Hrsg.)
Series (Serial Number):Stauffenburg Linguistik (47)
Publisher:Stauffenburg
Place of publication:Tübingen
Other Person(s):Mechthild Elstermann
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:German
Year of first Publication:2008
Date of Publication (online):2014/06/04
GND Keyword:Konstruktionsgrammatik; Konversationsanalyse; Semantik; verstehen
First Page:103
Last Page:133
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Gesprächsforschung / Gesprochene Sprache
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG