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Catching up with wonderful women: The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies

  • Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies—there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect—that women are evaluated more positively than men overall—is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are. Yet, because self-reported gender stereotypes may differ from implicit attitudes towards each gender, we reanalysed data collected across 44 cultures, and (a) confirmed that societal gender egalitarianism reduces the women-are-wonderful effect when it is measured more implicitly (i.e. rating the personality of men and women presented in images) and (b) documented that the social perception of men benefits more from gender egalitarianism than that of women.

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Author:Kuba Krys, Colin A. Capaldi, Wijnand van Tilburg, Ottmar V. Lipp, Michael Harris BondGND, Christin-Melanie Vauclair, L. Sam S. Manickam, Alejandra Domínguez Espinosa, Claudio TorresGND, Vivian Miu-Chi Lun, Julien Teyssier, Lynden K. Miles, Karolina HansenORCiDGND, Joonha Park, Wolfgang WagnerGND, Angela Arriola Yu, Cai Xing, Ryan Wise, Chien-Ru Sun, Razi Sutan Siddiqui, Radwa Salem, Muhammad Rizwan, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Martin Nader, Fridanna Maricchiolo, María Malbran, Gwatirera JavangweGND, İdil Işık, David O. Igbokwe, Taekyun Hur, Arif HassanGND, Ana Gonzalez, Márta Fülöp, Patrick DenouxGND, Enila Cenko, Ana Chkhaidze, Eleonora Shmeleva, Radka Antalíkova, Ramadan A. Ahmed
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Psychology
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2019/08/01
Tag:Culture; Gender egalitarianism; Gender stereotypes; Implicit attitudes; Social cognition
GND Keyword:Ethnopsychologie; Geschlechterstereotyp; Gleichberechtigung; Soziale Wahrnehmung
First Page:21
Last Page:26
Dieser Beitrag ist aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen nicht frei zugänglich.  / Due to copyright reasons the full-text of the article is not freely accessible.
DDC classes:100 Philosophie und Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Open Access?:nein
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt