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Fugenelement und Bindestrich in der Compositions-Fuge. Zur Herausbildung phonologischer und graphematischer Grenzmarkierungen in (früh)neuhochdeutschen N+N-Komposita

  • The present paper explores the change in distribution and potential function as well as the interplay of two phenomena that occur at the internal boundaries of nominal compounds, namely linking elements and hyphenation. About 40% of present-day German compounds contain a linking element, most prominently -s- (e.g. Geburt-s-ort ‘birth place’). Numerous theories have been brought forward to explain its function, two of which are examined here: It will be shown that the linking-s tends to mark morphologically complex constituents while the assumption that it prefers marked phonological words cannot be corroborated. Linked compounds in present-day German use hyphenation, a strategy that is mostly employed with graphematically or phonologically marked constituents, at a much smaller rate than unlinked compounds. In Early New High German (ENHG, 1350-1650), when the linked type arose by reanalyzing prenominal genitive attributes as first constituents of compounds, the reverse held true: Linked compounds underwent a gradual graphematic integration from separate writing into directly connected words which was partly reversed by a century of hyphenation (1650-1750). While hyphenation also occurred with unlinked compounds, the linked compounds show a striking preference with hyphenation rates reaching a peak at around 90%. It will be argued that ENHG hyphenation had the same function it has today, namely structuring constituents that are perceived as marked: The change in spelling between ENHG and today reflects the integration of a formerly syntactic and thereby marked pattern into word-formation.

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Author:Kristin KopfORCiDGND
Parent Title (German):Sichtbare und hörbare Morphologie
Series (Serial Number):Linguistische Arbeiten (565)
Publisher:de Gruyter
Place of publication:Berlin [u.a.]
Editor:Nanna Fuhrhop, Renata Szczepaniak, Karsten Schmidt
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2017
Date of Publication (online):2018/09/11
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Fugenelement; Morphologie; Nominalkompositum; Wortbildung
First Page:177
Last Page:204
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International