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Analysis of syntax and word use to predict successful participation in guided self-help for anxiety and depression

  • This study investigated whether an analysis of narrative style (word use and cross-clausal syntax) of patients with symptoms of generalised anxiety and depression disorders can help predict the likelihood of successful participation in guided self-help. Texts by 97 people who had made contact with a primary care mental health service were analysed. Outcome measures were completion of the guided self-help programme, and change in symptoms assessed by a standardised scale (CORE-OM). Regression analyses indicated that some aspects of participants' syntax helped to predict completion of the programme, and that aspects of syntax and word use helped to predict improvement of symptoms. Participants using non-finite complement clauses with above-average frequency were four times more likely to complete the programme (95% confidence interval 1.4 to 11.7) than other participants. Among those who completed, the use of causation words and complex syntax (adverbial clauses) predicted improvement, accounting for 50% of the variation in well-being benefit. These results suggest that the analysis of narrative style can provide useful information for assessing the likelihood of success of individuals participating in a mental health guided self-help programme.

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Metadaten
Author:Jörg ZinkenGND, Katarzyna Zinken, J. Clare Wilson, Lisa Butler, Timothy Skinner
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-56173
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2010.04.011
ISSN:0165-1781
Parent Title (English):Psychiatry Research
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2010
Date of Publication (online):2016/11/23
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
Tag:Anxiety; Depression; Guided self-help; Language; Syntax
GND Keyword:Angst; Depression; Selbsthilfe; Sprache; Syntax
Volume:179
Issue:2
First Page:181
Last Page:186
Note:
Dieser Beitrag ist aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen nicht frei zugänglich.
Due to copyright reasons the full-text of the article is not freely accessible.
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Psycholinguistik / Kognitive Linguistik
Open Access?:Nein
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG