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Are phonesthemes evidence of a sublexical organising layer in the structure of the lexicon? Testing the OED analysis of two phonesthemes with a corpus study of collocational behaviour of sw- and fl- words in the OEC

  • Phonesthemes (Firth 1930) are sublexical constructions that have an effect on the lexico-grammatical continuum: they are recurring form-meaning associations that occur more often than by chance but not systematically (Abramova/Fernandez/Sangati 2013). Phonesthemes have been shown (Bergen 2004) to affect psycholinguistic language processing; they organise the mental lexicon. Phonesthemes appear over time to emerge as driven by language use as indexical rather than purely iconic constructions in the lexicon (Smith 2016; Bergen 2004; Flaksman 2020). Phonesthemes are acknowledged in construction morphology (Audring/Booij/Jackendoff 2017) as motivational schemas. Some phonesthemes also tend to have lexicographic acknowledgment, as shown by etymologist Liberman (2010), although this relevance and cohesion appears to be highly variable as we will show in this paper.

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Author:Chris A. Smith
Parent Title (English):Dictionaries and Society. Proceedings of the XX EURALEX International Congress, 12-16 July 2022, Mannheim, Germany
Place of publication:Mannheim
Editor:Annette Klosa-Kückelhaus, Stefan Engelberg, Christine Möhrs, Petra Storjohann
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2022
Date of Publication (online):2022/08/18
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS)
Tag:OEC; OED; Phonesthemes; analogy; collocational behaviour
First Page:273
Last Page:294
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 420 Englisch
Open Access?:ja
Conferences, Workshops:Dictionaries and Society. Proceedings of the XX EURALEX International Congress, 12-16 July 2022, Mannheim, Germany
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-SA - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 4.0 International