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Treebanking user-generated content: a UD based overview of guidelines, corpora and unified recommendations

  • This article presents a discussion on the main linguistic phenomena which cause difficulties in the analysis of user-generated texts found on the web and in social media, and proposes a set of annotation guidelines for their treatment within the Universal Dependencies (UD) framework of syntactic analysis. Given on the one hand the increasing number of treebanks featuring user-generated content, and its somewhat inconsistent treatment in these resources on the other, the aim of this article is twofold: (1) to provide a condensed, though comprehensive, overview of such treebanks—based on available literature—along with their main features and a comparative analysis of their annotation criteria, and (2) to propose a set of tentative UD-based annotation guidelines, to promote consistent treatment of the particular phenomena found in these types of texts. The overarching goal of this article is to provide a common framework for researchers interested in developing similar resources in UD, thus promoting cross-linguistic consistency, which is a principle that has always been central to the spirit of UD.

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Author:Manuela SanguinettiORCiD, Cristina Bosco, Lauren Cassidy, Özlem Cetinoglu, Alessandra Teresa Cignarella, Teresa Lynn, Ines Rehbein, Josef Ruppenhofer, Djamé Seddah, Amir Zeldes
Parent Title (English):Language Resources and Evaluation
Place of publication:Dordrecht [u.a.]
Editor:Nicoletta Calzolari
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2022
Date of Publication (online):2022/04/05
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS)
Tag:Annotation guidelines; Treebanks; UGC; Universal Dependencies; Web
GND Keyword:Angewandte Linguistik; Annotation; Datenbanksystem; Social Media; Strukturbaum; World Wide Web
Page Number:52
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International