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'Where'-based relative elements in Balkan languages. Focus on non-standard varieties

  • The purpose of this paper is to describe the functions of ‘where’-based relative elements' in six Balkan languages, paying particular attention to non-standard varieties.2 Relative elements based on an originally interrogative pronoun meaning ‘where’ are attested in all Balkan languages and, more generally, in all European languages. In accordance with the locative meaning of the original pronoun, ‘where’-based relative elements are primarily used to relativize locatives. However, it will be shown that in some Balkan languages, and especially in non-standard varieties, these elements have extended their functional domain. This process does not appear to be random, but rather to pattern with the following hierarchy: locative > unspecific connector > other syntactic positions (indirect/direct object, subject).3 Additionally, ‘where’-based relative elements will be compared with ‘what’-based ones in order to highlight common patterns of development.

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Author:Adriano Murelli
Parent Title (Bulgarian):Balkansko Ezikoznanie
Place of publication:Sofija
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2009
Date of Publication (online):2017/12/01
GND Keyword:Balkansprachen; Interrogativpronomen; Kontrastive Grammatik; Lokativ
First Page:183
Last Page:194
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:nein
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt