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When size matters. Legal perspective(s) on N-grams

  • N-grams are of utmost importance for modern linguistics and language technology. The legal status of n-grams, however, raises many practical questions. Traditionally, text snippets are considered copyrightable if they meet the originality criterion, but no clear indicators as to the minimum length of original snippets exist; moreover, the solutions adopted in some EU Member States (the paper cites German and French law as examples) are considerably different. Furthermore, recent developments in EU law (the CJEU's Pelham decision and the new right of press publishers) also provide interesting arguments in this debate. The paper presents the existing approaches to the legal protection of n-grams and tries to formulate some clear guidelines as to the length of n-grams that can be freely used and shared.

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Author:Paweł KamockiGND
Parent Title (English):Selected Papers from the CLARIN Annual Conference 2020. Virtual Event, 2020, 5-7 October
Series (Serial Number):Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings (180)
Publisher:Linköping University Electronic Press
Place of publication:Linköping
Editor:Costanza Navarretta, Maria Eskevich
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of first Publication:2021
Date of Publication (online):2021/07/23
Tag:copyright; legal issues; n-grams
GND Keyword:Computerlinguistik; Korpus <Linguistik>; Rechtsfrage; Rechtsschutz; Rechtsstellung; Urheberrecht
First Page:122
Last Page:128
A previous version of this article was published in: "Proceedings of CLARIN Annual Conference 2020. 05 – 07 October 2020, Online Edition", see http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-100805.
DDC classes:300 Sozialwissenschaften / 340 Recht
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Program areas:S2: Forschungskoordination und –infrastrukturen
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International