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Word order affects response latency: Action projection and the timing of responses to question-word questions

  • This article explores the relation between word order and response latency, focusing on responses to question-word questions. Qualitative (multimodal) and quantitative analyses of naturally occurring conversations in French—where question-words can occur in initial, medial, or final position within the question—show that variation in word order affects the timing of responses. It is argued that this is so because word order provides a differential basis for action ascription, creating different temporal opportunities for projecting the recipient’s next relevant action. The frequent occurrence of early responses to questions with an initial question-word, in particular, stresses the importance of the recognition point of an action under way for response timing and shows respondents’ pervasive orientation to sequential progressivity. Findings highlight how lexico-syntactic trajectories of emergent turns, prior talk and actions, material and bodily features of interaction, and participants’ shared expectations conspire in shaping the time-courses of action ascription and action projection.

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Author:Simona Pekarek DoehlerORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Discourse Processes: Early Responses in Human Communication
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Editor:Arnulf Deppermann, Lorenza Mondada, Simona Pekarek Doehler
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2021
Date of Publication (online):2021/06/30
Tag:early responses; question-word questions; response latency
GND Keyword:Antwort; Frage; Französisch; Interaktion; Kommunikation; Konversationsanalyse; Wortstellung
First Page:328
Last Page:352
Dieser Beitrag ist aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen nicht frei zugänglich. / Due to copyright reasons the full-text of the article is not freely accessible.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:nein
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt