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Comprehension demands modulate re-reading, but not first-pass reading behavior

  • Several studies have examined effects of explicit task demands on eye movements in reading. However, there is relatively little prior research investigating the influence of implicit processing demands. In this study, processing demands were manipulated by means of a between-subject manipulation of comprehension question difficulty. Consistent with previous results from Wotschack and Kliegl, the question difficulty manipulation influenced the probability of regressing from late in sentences and re-reading earlier regions; readers who expected difficult comprehension questions were more likely to re-read. However, this manipulation had no reliable influence on eye movements during first-pass reading of earlier sentence regions. Moreover, for the subset of sentences that contained a plausibility manipulation, the disruption induced by implausibility was not modulated by the question manipulation. We interpret these results as suggesting that comprehension demands influence reading behavior primarily by modulating a criterion for comprehension that readers apply after completing first-pass processing.

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Author:Anna Fiona Weiss, Franziska KretzschmarGND, Matthias SchlesewskyGND, Ina Bornkessel-SchlesewskyORCiDGND, Adrian Staub
Parent Title (English):Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Place of publication:Thousand Oaks
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2021/01/07
Tag:eye movements; reading strategy; regressions; semantic processing; syntactic processing
GND Keyword:Augenfolgebewegung; Experimentelle Psychologie; Leseverstehen; Psycholinguistik; Textverstehen
First Page:198
Last Page:210
This paper is accepted for publication by SAGE publishing. The article is protected by copyright and reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses. Users may download and save a local copy of the article for personal reference. The final article is available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1307862. For permission to reuse the article, please follow the guidelines set by SAGE publishing.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Linguistics-Classification:Psycholinguistik / Kognitive Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich gesch├╝tzt