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It is better to smile to women: Gender modifies perception of honesty of smiling individuals across cultures

  • Social perception studies have revealed that smiling individuals are perceived more favourably on many communion dimensions in comparison to nonsmiling individuals. Research on gender differences in smiling habits showed that women smile more than men. In our study, we investigated this phenomena further and hypothesised that women perceive smiling individuals as more honest than men. An experiment conducted in seven countries (China, Germany, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Republic of South Africa and USA) revealed that gender may influence the perception of honesty in smiling individuals. We compared ratings of honesty made by male and female participants who viewed photos of smiling and nonsmiling people. While men and women did not differ on ratings of honesty in nonsmiling individuals, women assessed smiling individuals as more honest than men did. We discuss these results from a social norms perspective.

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Author:Kuba Krys, Karolina HansenORCiDGND, Cai Xing, Alejandra Domínguez Espinosa, Piotr SzarotaGND, María Fernanda Morales
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Psychology
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2015
Date of Publication (online):2019/08/21
Tag:Culture; Gender; Honesty; Impression formation; Smile; Social perception
GND Keyword:Ethnopsychologie; Geschlecht; Kuturvergleich; Lächeln; Soziale Wahrnehmung
First Page:150
Last Page:154
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: "It is better to smile to women: Gender modifies perception of honesty of smiling individuals across cultures", which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12087. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
DDC classes:100 Philosophie und Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Open Access?:ja
Linguistics-Classification:Nonverbale Kommunikation
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt