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Hybrid Approaches for Sentiment Analysis

  • Sentiment Analysis is the task of extracting and classifying opinionated content in natural language texts. Common subtasks are the distinction between opinionated and factual texts, the classification of polarity in opinionated texts, and the extraction of the participating entities of an opinion(-event), i.e. the source from which an opinion emanates and the target towards which it is directed. With the emerging Web 2.0 which describes the shift towards a highly user-interactive communication medium, the amount of subjective content on the World Wide Web is steadily increasing. Thus, there is a growing need for automatically processing this type of content which is provided by sentiment analysis. Both natural language processing, which is the task of providing computational methods for the analysis and representation of natural language, and machine learning, which is the task of building task-specific classification models on the basis of empirical data, may be instrumental in mastering the challenges of the automatic sentiment analysis of written text. Many problems in sentiment analysis have been proposed to be solved with machine learning methods exclusively using a fairly low-level feature design, such as bag of words, containing little linguistic information. In this thesis, we examine the effectiveness of linguistic features in various subtasks of sentiment analysis. Thus, we heavily draw from the insights gained by natural language processing. The application of linguistic features can be applied on various classification methods, be it in rule-based classification, where the linguistic features are directly encoded as a classifier, in supervised machine learning, where these features complement basic low-level features, or in bootstrapping methods, where these features form a rule-based classifier generating a labeled training set from which a supervised classifier can be trained. In this thesis, we will in particular focus on scenarios where the combination of linguistic features and machine learning methods is effective. We will look at common text classification tasks, both coarse-grained and fine-grained, and extraction tasks.

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Author:Michael WiegandGND
Title Additional (English):Hybridansätze für die Sentimentanalyse
Referee:Dietrich Klakow
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Year of first Publication:2011
Date of Publication (online):2019/03/19
Date of final exam:2011/01/21
Reviewstate:Qualifikationsarbeit (Dissertation, Habilitationsschrift)
Tag:computational linguistics; information extraction; machine learning; sentiment analysis; text classification
GND Keyword:Computerlinguistik; Information Extraction; Maschinelles Lernen; Natürliche Sprache; Text Mining
Page Number:175
University:Universität des Saarlandes
City of University:Saarbrücken
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt