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Distinguishing affixoid formations from compounds

  • We study German affixoids, a type of morpheme in between affixes and free stems. Several properties have been associated with them – increased productivity; a bleached semantics, which is often evaluative and/or intensifying and thus of relevance to sentiment analysis; and the existence of a free morpheme counterpart – but not been validated empirically. In experiments on a new data set that we make available, we put these key assumptions from the morphological literature to the test and show that despite the fact that affixoids generate many low-frequency formations, we can classify these as affixoid or non-affixoid instances with a best F1-score of 74%.

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Author:Josef RuppenhoferORCiDGND, Michael WiegandORCiDGND, Rebecca WilmORCiD, Katja MarkertGND
Parent Title (English):Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. August 20-26, 2018 Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA (COLING 2018)
Publisher:The Association for Computational Linguistics
Place of publication:Stroudsburg PA, USA
Editor:Emily M. Bender, Leon Derczynski, Pierre Isabelle
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2019/02/19
Tag:Affixoid; Automatische Sprachverarbeitung; Deutsch; Semantische Analyse
First Page:3853
Last Page:3865
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Program areas:Pragmatik
Program areas:Digitale Sprachwissenschaft
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International