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Morphological variation: the case of productivity in German compound formation

  • The paper at hand discusses productivity in German compound formation – as a case of morphological variation – from a lexeme-based synchronic perspective. In particular, we focus on groups of compounds with semantically closely related head words, e.g., compounds denoting colors. Our approach is characterized by a qualitative as well as a quantitative perspective on productivity. Taking the properties of the head lexeme as a starting point and applying corpus-based statistical methods, we try to gain new insights into compound formation, especially into potential factors which govern their productivity. In a first step, we determine the productivity of compounds on the basis of current productivity measures and data from a large corpus of German. In a second step, we try to systematically explain observable differences in productivity. The approach presented here is one of the first attempts to apply the concept of productivity, which has been predominantly used in the domain of derivation, to compounding. Since compounding is a dominant factor for the expansion of the German lexicon, we assume that our investigation also sheds an important light on the dynamics of the lexicon.

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Author:Katrin HeinGND, Stefan EngelbergORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Morphological Variation: Synchrony and Diachrony. Online Proceedings of the Eleventh Mediterranean Morphology Meeting (MMM11) Nicosia, Cyprus, 22-25 June 2017
Publisher:Pasithee: Open Access Electronic Publications
Place of publication:Patras
Editor:Nikos Koutsoukos, Jenny Audring, Francesca Masini
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2018/09/04
Contributing Corporation:Université Catholique de Louvain, Leiden University, University of Bologna
Tag:compound formation; corpus-based statistical methods; morphological productivity; productivity measures
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Komposition <Wortbildung>; Korpus <Linguistik>; Morphologie <Linguistik>; Produktivität <Linguistik>
First Page:36
Last Page:50
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution 3.0 Unported