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Overtaking as an interactional achievement : video analyses of participants' practices in traffic

  • In this article we pursue a systematic and extensive study of overtaking in traffic as an interactional event. Our focus is on the accountable organisation and accomplishment of overtaking by road users in real-world traffic situations. Data and analysis are drawn from multiple research groups studying driving from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic perspective. Building on multimodal and sequential analyses of video recordings of overtaking events, the article describes the shared practices which overtakers and overtaken parties use in displaying, recognizing and coordinating their manoeuvres. It examines the three sequential phases of an overtaking event: preparation and projection; the overtaking proper; the re-alignment post-phase including retrospective accounts and assessments. We identify how during each of these phases drivers and passengers organize intra-vehicle and inter-vehicle practices: driving and non-driving related talk between vehicle- occupants, the emerging spatiotemporal ecology of the road, and the driving actions of other road users. The data is derived from a two camera set-up recording the road ahead and car interior. The recordings are from three settings: daily commuting, driving lessons, race-car coaching. The events occur on a variety of road types (motorways, country roads, city streets, a race track, etc.), in six languages (English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, and Swedish) and in seven countries (Australia, Finland, France, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK). From an exceptionally diverse collection of video data, the study of which is made possible thanks to the innovative collaboration of multiple researchers, the article exhibits the range of practical challenges and communicative skills involved in overtaking.

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Author:Arnulf DeppermannORCiDGND, Eric Laurier, Lorenza Mondada
Parent Title (German):Gesprächsforschung
Publisher:Verlag für Gesprächsforschung
Place of publication:Göttingen
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2018/08/01
Tag:car racing; conversation analysis; coordination; driving; driving lessons; ethnomethodology; mobiliy; multimodality; overtaking; traffic
GND Keyword:Autofahren; Ethnomethodologie; Fahrstunde; Konversationsanalyse; Multimodalität; Straßenverkehr
First Page:1
Last Page:131
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Gesprächsforschung / Gesprochene Sprache
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt