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A grammaticometric approach to modeling functional variation

  • This paper argues that there is a correlation between functional and purely grammatical patterning in language, yet the nature of this correlation has to be explored. This claim is based on the results of a corpus-driven study of the Slavic aspect, drawing on the socalled Distributional Hypothesis. According to the East-West Theory of the Slavic aspect, there is a broad east-west isogloss dividing the Slavic languages into an eastern group and a western group. There are also two transitional zones in the north and south, which share some properties with each group (Dickey 2000; Barentsen 1998, 2008). The East-West Theory uses concepts of cognitive grammar such as totality and temporal definiteness, and is based on various parameters of aspectual usage in discourse, including contexts such as habituals, general factuals, historical (narrative) present, performatives, sequenced events in the past etc. The purpose of the above-mentioned study is to challenge the semantic approach to the Slavic aspect by comparing the perfective and imperfective verbal aspect on the basis of purely grammatical co-occurrence patterns (see also Janda & Lyashevskaya 2011). The study focused on three Slavic languages: Russian, which, following the East-West Theory, belongs to the eastern group, Czech, which belongs to the western group, and Polish, which is considered as transitional in its aspectual patterning.

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Metadaten
Author:Beata Trawiński
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-74574
Parent Title (English):Linguistic Evidence 2018 - experimental data drives linguistic theory, Tübingen, 15th to 17th of February 2018. Conference booklet
Publisher:Universität Tübingen
Place of publication:Tübingen
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2018/05/17
Publicationstate:Zweitveröffentlichung
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
GND Keyword:Distribution <Linguistik>; Polnisch; Russisch; Semantische Analyse; Tschechisch
First Page:194
Last Page:196
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Semantik
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG