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Variation in copular agreement in Insular Scandinavian

  • This paper explores the syntax of agreement in Insular Scandinavian in copular clauses with two potential goals for agreement. Data from three production experiments - one in Faroese and two in Icelandic - establish several new facts. First, in both languages agreement with the second nominal (DP2) is possible/preferred. Second, there is considerable variation (both within and between languages, and indeed speakers) in the patterns observed. Third, Icelandic shows a surprising pattern of “partial” agreement with DP2 - agreement in number but not person. We discuss the implications for current theorising about agreement, proposing that in these languages, at least, agreement is downwards, and that the available agreement options depend in part on the syntactic position of DPI when agreement is established.

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Author:Jutta Hartmann, Caroline Heycock
Parent Title (English):Syntactic Variation in Insular Scandinavian
Series (Serial Number):Studies in Germanic Linguistics (1)
Place of publication:Amsterdam [u.a.]
Editor:Höskuldur Thráinsson, Caroline Heycock, Hjalmar P. Petersen, Zakaris Svabo Hansen
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2017
Date of Publication (online):2017/11/16
Tag:Faroese; Icelandic; agreement; copular clauses; inversion; phi-features
GND Keyword:Agreement <Syntax>; Färöisch; Isländisch; Kopulasatz; Syntaktische Kongruenz
First Page:233
Last Page:276
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 490 Andere Sprachen
Open Access?:Nein
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG