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Jaw and Order

  • It is well-accepted that the jaw plays an active role in influencing vowel height. The general aim of the current study is to further investigate the extent to which the jaw is active in producing consonantal distinctions, with specific focus on coronal consonants. Therefore, tongue tip and jaw positions are compared for the German coronal consonants Is, J, t, d, n, 1/, that is, consonants having the same active articulators (apical/laminal) but differing in manner of articulation. In order to test the stability of articulatory positions for each of these coronal consonants, a natural perturbation paradigm was introduced by recording two levels of vocal effort: comfortable, and loud without shouting. Tongue and jaw movements of five speakers of German were recorded by means of EMMA during /aCa/ sequences. By analyzing the tongue tip and jaw positions and their spatial variability we found that (1) the jaw's contribution to these consonants varies with manner of articulation, and (2) for all coronal consonants the positions are stable across loudness conditions except for those of the nasal. Results are discussed with respect to the tasks of the jaw, and the possible articulatory adjustments that may accompany louder speech.

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Metadaten
Author:Christine Mooshammer, Philip Hoole, Anja Geumann
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-57149
URL:http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/00238309070500020101
ISSN:0023-8309
Parent Title (English):Language and Speech
Publisher:Kingston Press Ltd. / Sage Publications
Place of publication:Teddington
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2007
Date of Publication (online):2016/12/14
Publicationstate:Veröffentlichungsversion
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Intensität <Phonetik>; Sprachproduktion; Stimmapparat; Stimmgebung
Volume:120
Issue:2
First Page:145
Last Page:176
Note:
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.

This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
BDSL-Classification:Grammatik
Linguistics-Classification:Phonetik / Phonologie
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG