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Pitch contour matching and interactional alignment across turns: An acoustic investigation

  • In order to explore the influence of context on the phonetic design of talk-in-interaction, we investigated the pitch characteristics of short turns (insertions) that are produced by one speaker between turns from another speaker. We investigated the hypothesis that the speaker of the insertion designs her turn as a pitch match to the prior turn in order to align with the previous speaker’s agenda, whereas non-matching displays that the speaker of the insertion is non-aligning, for example to initiate a new action. Data were taken from the AMI meeting corpus, focusing on the spontaneous talk of first-language English participants. Using sequential analysis, 177 insertions were classified as either aligning or non-aligning in accordance with definitions of these terms in the Conversation Analysis literature. The degree of similarity between the pitch contour of the insertion and that of the prior speaker’s turn was measured, using a new technique that integrates normalized F0 and intensity information. The results showed that aligning insertions were significantly more similar to the immediately preceding turn, in terms of pitch contour, than were non-aligning insertions. This supports the view that choice of pitch contour is managed locally, rather than by reference to an intonational lexicon.

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Metadaten
Author:Jan Gorisch, Bill Wells, Guy J. Brown
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-39134
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0023830911428874
ISSN:1756-6053
Parent Title (English):Language and speech
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2012
Date of Publication (online):2015/07/21
Publicationstate:Veröffentlichungsversion
Reviewstate:(Verlags)-Lektorat
Tag:Conversational alignment; Pitch contour; Pitch matching; Prosodic repetition; Prosodic similarity
GND Keyword:Diskursanalyse; Prosodie; Tonhöhe
Volume:55
Issue:1
First Page:57
Last Page:76
Note:
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.

This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 410 Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Pragmalinguistik / Kommunikationsforschung
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG