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Laz positional verbs: semantics and use with inanimate Figures

  • In this article, we discuss the meaning and use of positional verbs in the South-Caucasian language Laz. Positional verbs are defined as those verbs which — in combination with one of several locational verbal prefixes (preverbs) — may appear in the basic construction that functions as an answer to a “where” question, the so-called basic locative construction (BLC). Within this class of verbs, we pay particular attention to those positionals which are used regularly in our data to describe the configuration of inanimate movable objects. Laz is shown to be a multiverb language, i.e., a language that uses a comparatively large set of verbs in the BLC. The fourteen verbs in question are PRV-dgun ‘stand’, PRV-ren ‘stand’, PRV-zun ‘lie’, PRV-xen ‘sit, stay’, PRV-bɣun ‘be located as mass’, PRV-mpiy ‘be spread’, PRV-sun ‘be smeared’, PRV-tun ‘cover’, PRV-bun ‘hang’, PRV-nʒoy ‘stick, be stuck’, PRV-n un ‘be dipped’, PRV- abun ‘stick to, be sticky’, PRV- orun ‘be bound’, PRV-gzun ‘burn’. The semantics and the use of these verbs are described in some detail including nontypical configurations, which trigger variation among speakers due to alternative categorizations and prototype effects.

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Metadaten
Author:Silvia Kutscher, N. Sevim Genç
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-34159
DOI:https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/LING.2007.031
ISSN:0024-3949
Parent Title (English):Linguistics. Special Issue: The Typology and Semantics of Locative Predicates: Posturals, Positionals, and Other Beasts
Editor:Felix Ameka, Stephen Levinson
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2007
Date of Publication (online):2015/01/21
GND Keyword:Lasisch; Positionsverb; Semantik; Südkaukasische Sprachen
Volume:45
Issue:5/6
First Page:1029
Last Page:1064
Note:
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 490 Andere Sprachen / 491 Ostindoeuropäische und keltische Sprachen
Linguistics-Classification:Grammatikforschung
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG