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When time is not space

Subtitle (English):The social and linguistic construction of time intervals and temporal event relations in an Amazonian culture
  • It is widely assumed that there is a natural, prelinguistic conceptual domain of time whose linguistic organization is universally structured via metaphoric mapping from the lexicon and grammar of space and motion. We challenge this assumption on the basis of our research on the Amondawa (Tupi Kawahib)language and culture of Amazonia. Using both observational data and structured field linguistic tasks, we show that linguistic space-time mapping at theconstructional level is not a feature of the Amondawa language, and is not employed by Amondawa speakers (when speaking Amondawa). Amondawa does not recruit its extensive inventory of terms and constructions for spatial motion and location to express temporal relations. Amondawa also lacks a numerically based calendric system. To account for these data, and in opposition to a Universal Space-Time Mapping Hypothesis, we propose a Mediated Mapping Hypothesis, which accords causal importance to the numerical and artefact-based construction of time-based (as opposed to event-based) time interval systems.

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Metadaten
Author:Chris Sinha, Vera Da Silva Sinha, Jörg ZinkenGND, Wany Sampaio
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-33273
DOI:https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/langcog.2011.006 (About DOI)
ISSN:1866-9859
Parent Title (English):Language and Cognition
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2011
Date of Publication (online):2014/12/15
Tag:Amondawa-Sprache
Amazonian languages; Cognitive artefacts; Conceptual metaphor; Space; Time
GND Keyword:Amazonas; Metapher; Raum; Temporalität; Tupi-Guarani-Sprachen; Zeit; kognitive Semantik
Volume:3
Issue:1
First Page:137
Last Page:169
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Psycholinguistik / Kognitive Linguistik
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG