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Social Dominance Orientation, Nonnative Accents, and Hiring Recommendations

  • Objective: Discrimination against nonnative speakers is widespread and largely socially acceptable. Nonnative speakers are evaluated negatively because accent is a sign that they belong to an outgroup and because understanding their speech requires unusual effort from listeners. The present research investigated intergroup bias, based on stronger support for hierarchical relations between groups (social dominance orientation [SDO]), as a predictor of hiring recommendations of nonnative speakers. Method: In an online experiment using an adaptation of the thin-slices methodology, 65 U.S. adults (54% women; 80% White; M[age] = 35.91, range = 18–67) heard a recording of a job applicant speaking with an Asian (Mandarin Chinese) or a Latino (Spanish) accent. Participants indicated how likely they would be to recommend hiring the speaker, answered questions about the text, and indicated how difficult it was to understand the applicant. Results: Independent of objective comprehension, participants high in SDO reported that it was more difficult to understand a Latino speaker than an Asian speaker. SDO predicted hiring recommendations of the speakers, but this relationship was mediated by the perception that nonnative speakers were difficult to understand. This effect was stronger for speakers from lower status groups (Latinos relative to Asians) and was not related to objective comprehension. Conclusions: These findings suggest a cycle of prejudice toward nonnative speakers: Not only do perceptions of difficulty in understanding cause prejudice toward them, but also prejudice toward low-status groups can lead to perceived difficulty in understanding members of these groups.

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Metadaten
Author:Karolina HansenORCiDGND, John F. DovidioGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000101
ISSN:1099-9809
Parent Title (English):Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Publisher:American Psychological Association
Place of publication:Washington, D.C.
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2016
Date of Publication (online):2019/08/20
Publicationstate:Postprint
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
Tag:Asian Americans; Latin Americans; SDO; foreign accent; subjective comprehensibility
GND Keyword:Akzent; Dominanz; Soziale Wahrnehmung; Verständlichkeit; Vorurteil
Volume:22
Issue:4
First Page:544
Last Page:551
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophie und Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Open Access?:nein
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG