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Patterns. Phraseology in a state of flux

  • Linguistic usage patterns are not just coincidental phenomena on the textual surface but constitute a fundamental constructional principle of language. At the same time, however, linguistic patterns are highly idiosyncratic in the sense that they tend to be item-specific and unpredictable, thus defying all attempts at capturing them by general abstract rules. […] What all these approaches [that deal with constructions, collocations, patterns, etc. K.S.] share, in addition to their interest in recurrent patterns, is a strong commitment to the value of usage, be it in the wider sense of usage as an empirical basis for sound linguistic analysis and description or in the narrower sense of usage as constituting the basis for the emergence and consolidation of linguistic knowledge. (Herbst et al. 2014: 1) In consequence of the feasibility of studying language data in new quantitative dimensions, the phraseology faces a paradigm shift. The traditional focus on strongly lexicalized, often idiomatic multi-word expressions (MWE) has led to an overestimation of their unique status in the mental lexicon. The majority of MWEs are typical lexical realisations of templates (‘MW patterns’) that emerged from repeated usage and can be instantiated with ever changing lexical elements. The – primarily functional – pattern restrictions cannot always be predicted with rules, but are the result of recurring context factors. In this article, at first, it has been shown the nature and the interrelations of MW patterns that are reconstructed with complex corpus-driven methods. Furthermore, a vision of a new phraseography of MW pattern that described their hierarchies and functions based on authentic corpus data like KWIC bundles, slot filler tables and collocation profiles has been discussed.

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Author:Kathrin Steyer
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Lexicography
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Place of publication:Oxford
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2015
Date of Publication (online):2016/07/13
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Kollokation; Mehrworteinheit; Sprachgebrauch
First Page:279
Last Page:298
Dieser Beitrag ist aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen nicht frei zugänglich.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 410 Linguistik
Open Access?:nein
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt