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Diversity and Invariance in Human Social Action. Karl Duncker's "Situational Meanings" and the Schema of Linguistic Relativism

  • Linguistic relativists have traditionally asked 'how language influences thought', but conversation analysts and anthropological linguists have moved the focus from thought to social action. We argue that 'social action' should in this context not become simply a new dependent variable, because the formulation 'does language influence action' suggests that social action would already be meaningfully constituted prior to its local (verbal and multi-modal) accomplishment. We draw on work by the gestalt psychologist Karl Duncker to show that close attention to action-in-a-situation helps us ground empirical work on cross-cultural diversity in an appreciation of the invariances that make culture-specific elements of practice meaningful.

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2021/04/01

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Metadaten
Author:Jörg ZinkenGND, Alan Costall
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-96476
DOI:https://doi.org/10.30460/95140
ISSN:2035-357X
Parent Title (English):Paradigmi
Publisher:il Mulino
Place of publication:Bologna
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2019
Date of Publication (online):2020/02/03
Publicationstate:Postprint
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
Tag:Conversation Analysis; Invariance; Karl Duncker; Linguistic Relativity; Practice; Relativism
GND Keyword:Interaktion; Kontrastive Pragmatik; Konversationsanalyse; Sapir-Whorf-Hypothese
Volume:37
Issue:3
First Page:491
Last Page:506
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Pragmalinguistik / Kommunikationsforschung
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG