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Foreign-Looking Native-Accented People: More Competent When First Seen Rather Than Heard

  • Psychological research has neglected people whose accent does not match their appearance. Most research on person perception has focused on appearance, overlooking accents that are equally important social cues. If accents were studied, it was often done in isolation (i.e., detached from appearance). We examine how varying accent and appearance information about people affects evaluations. We show that evaluations of expectancy-violating people shift in the direction of the added information. When a job candidate looked foreign, but later spoke with a native accent, his evaluations rose and he was evaluated best of all candidates (Experiment 1a). However, the sequence in which information was presented mattered: When heard first and then seen, his evaluations dropped (Experiment 1b). Findings demonstrate the importance of studying the combination and sequence of different types of information in impression formation. They also allow predicting reactions to ethnically mixed people, who are increasingly present in modern societies.

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Metadaten
Author:Karolina HansenGND, Tamara RakićGND, Melanie C. SteffensGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-89929
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550617732389
ISSN:1948-5514
Parent Title (English):Social Psychological and Personality Science
Publisher:Sage
Place of publication:Thousand Oaks, CA
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2019/06/26
Publicationstate:Postprint
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
Tag:expectancy violations; face; nonnative speakers; stereotypes; voice
GND Keyword:Akzent; Erwartung; Ethnizität; Soziale Wahrnehmung
Volume:9
Issue:8
First Page:1001
Last Page:1009
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophie und Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Linguistics-Classification:Psycholinguistik / Kognitive Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Soziolinguistik
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG