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A cline of visible commitment in the situated design of imperative turns. Evidence from German and Polish

  • In the management of cooperation, the fit of a requested action with what the addressee is presently doing is a pervasively relevant consideration. We present evidence that imperative turns are adapted to, and reflexively create, contexts in which the other person is committed to the course of action advanced by the imperative. This evidence comes from systematic variation in the design of imperative turns, relative to the fittedness of the imperatively mandated action to the addressee’s ongoing trajectory of actions, what we call the “dine of com­mitment”. We present four points on this dine: Responsive imperatives perform an operation on the deontic dimension of what the addressee has announced or already begun to do (in particular its permissibility); local-project imperatives formulate a new action advancing a course of action in which the addressee is al­ready actively engaged; global-project-imperatives target a next task for which the addressee is available on the grounds of their participation in the overall event, and in the absence of any competing work; and competitive imperatives draw on a presently otherwise engaged addressee on the grounds of their social commit­ment to the relevant course of actions. These four turn shapes are increasingly complex, reflecting the interactional work required to bridge the increasing distance between what the addressee is currently doing, and what the imperative mandates. We present data from German and Polish informal and institutional settings.

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Author:Jörg ZinkenORCiDGND, Arnulf DeppermannORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Imperative turns at talk. The design of directives in action
Series (Serial Number):Studies in language and social interaction (30)
Place of publication:Amsterdam [u.a.]
Editor:Marja-Leena Sorjonen, Liisa Raevaara, Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2017
Date of Publication (online):2017/10/11
Tag:action formation; commitment; embodiment; imperative; imperfective
GND Keyword:Aufforderungssatz; Deutsch; Imperativ; Kontrastive Linguistik; Konversationsanalysse; Polnisch
First Page:27
Last Page:63
The publication is under copyright by Benjamins. The publisher should be contacted for permission to re-use or reprint the material in any form.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Gesprächsforschung / Gesprochene Sprache
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt