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Cognitive features in a corpus-based dictionary of commonly confused words

  • This paper discusses how cognitive aspects can be incorporated into lexicographic meaning descriptions based on corpus-driven analysis. The new German Online dictionary “Paronyme − Dynamisch im Kontrast” is concerned with easily confused words such as effektiv/effizient, sensibel/sensitiv. It is currently in the process of being developed and it aims at adopting a more conceptual and encyclopedic approach to meaning. Contrastive entries emphasize usage, comparing conceptual categories and indicating the mapping of knowledge. Adaptable access to lexicographic details offers different perspectives on information, and authentic examples reflect prototypical structures. Some of the cognitive features are demonstrated with the help of examples. Firstly, I will outline how patterns of usage imply conceptual categories as central ideas instead of sufficiently logical criteria of semantic distinction. In this way, linguistic findings correlate better with how users conceptualize language. Secondly, it is pointed out how collocates are family members and fillers in contexts. Thirdly, I will demonstrate how contextual structure and function are included by summarizing referential information. Details are drawn from corpus data; they are usage-based patterns illustrating conversational interaction and semantic negotiation in contemporary public discourse. Finally, I will show flexible consultation routines where the focus on structural knowledge changes.

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Author:Petra StorjohannGND
Parent Title (English):Electronic lexicography in the 21st century. Proceedings of eLex 2017 conference. Leiden, the Netherlands, 19 – 21 September 2017
Publisher:Lexical Computing CZ s.r.o.
Place of publication:Brno, Czech Republic
Editor:Iztok Kosem, Carole Tiberius, Miloš Jakubíček, Jelena Kallas, Simon Krek, Vít Baisa
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of first Publication:2017
Date of Publication (online):2017/09/19
Tag:cognitive lexicography; corpus semantics; encyclopedic-conceptual approach; paronyms, easily confused words
GND Keyword:Faux amis; Kognitive Linguistik; Paronym; Semantik
First Page:138
Last Page:154
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
BDSL-Classification:Lexikographie, Wörterbücher
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International