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Faktizität, Wahrheit, Erwünschtheit: Negation, Negationsfokus und "Verum"-Fokus im Deutschen

  • This article deals with three interrelated phenoma in the information structure of German sentences: the focusing of negative markers, of finite verb forms and of the particles ja, doch, wohl and schon. Focusing of the finite verb is the most important marker of verum focus, as described by Höhle (1988). Focusing of particles can be an alternative means for similar purposes, while focusing of negation seems to be the contradictory opposite of verum focus. It is shown that negation- independently of its information structural status - can be interpreted on three distinct levels of sentence meaning: as an indicator of the non-facticity of a state of affairs, the non-truth of a proposition, or the non-desirability of a speech act. Focusing of the negative marker puts contrastive emphasis on the negative value assigned to sentence meaning on one of these levels. Ve rum focus can be interpreted on the same three levels: as a marker of contrastive emphasis on a positive value of facticity, truth or desirability. The particles ja, doch, wohl and schon refer to sufficient epistemic or interactional conditions for the assignment of a positive or negative value. By focusing such a particle, the speaker indicates that (s)he believes the assigned value to be well justified and insists on establishing it as common ground for further interaction.

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Author:Hardarik Blühdorn
Parent Title (German):Wahrheit - Fokus - Negation
Series (Serial Number):Linguistische Berichte - Sonderhefte (18)
Place of publication:Hamburg
Editor:Horst Lohnstein, Hardarik Blühdorn
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2012
Date of Publication (online):2017/03/07
GND Keyword:Akzent; Deutsch; Finite Verbform; Negation
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt