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How to Compare Treebanks

  • Recent years have seen an increasing interest in developing standards for linguistic annotation, with a focus on the interoperability of the resources. This effort, however, requires a profound knowledge of the advantages and disadvantages of linguistic annotation schemes in order to avoid importing the flaws and weaknesses of existing encoding schemes into the new standards. This paper addresses the question how to compare syntactically annotated corpora and gain insights into the usefulness of specific design decisions. We present an exhaustive evaluation of two German treebanks with crucially different encoding schemes. We evaluate three different parsers trained on the two treebanks and compare results using EVALB, the Leaf-Ancestor metric, and a dependency-based evaluation. Furthermore, we present TePaCoC, a new testsuite for the evaluation of parsers on complex German grammatical constructions. The testsuite provides a well thought-out error classification, which enables us to compare parser output for parsers trained on treebanks with different encoding schemes and provides interesting insights into the impact of treebank annotation schemes on specific constructions like PP attachment or non-constituent coordination.

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Author:Sandra Kübler, Wolfgang Maier, Ines Rehbein, Yannick Versley
Parent Title (English):Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2008), May, 28-30, 2008. Marrakech, Marocco
Publisher:European Language Resources Association
Place of publication:Paris
Editor:Nicoletta Calzolari, Khalid Choukri, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Jan Odijk, Stelios Piperidis, Daniel Tapias
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of first Publication:2008
Date of Publication (online):2017/01/09
Tag:Evaluation methodologies; Parsing Systems; Syntax
GND Keyword:Korpus <Linguistik>; Syntaktische Analyse
First Page:2322
Last Page:2329
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt