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Colligational patterns in a corpus and their lexicographic documentation

  • This paper shows how corpora and related tools can be used to analyse and present significant colligational patterns lexicographically. In German, patterns such as das nötige Wissen vermitteln and sein Wissen unter Beweis stellen play a vital role when learning the language, as they exhibit relevant idiomatic usage and lexical and syntactic rules of combination. Each item has specific semantic and grammatical functions and particular preferences with respect to position and distribution. An analysis of adjectives, for example, identifies preferences in adverbial, attributive, or predicative functions. Traditionally, corpus analyses of syntagmatic constructions have not been conducted for lexicographic purposes. This paper shows how to utilise corpora to extract and examine typical syntagms and how the results of such an analysis are documented systematically in ELEXIKO, a large-scale corpus-based Internet reference work of German. It also demonstrates how this dictionary accounts for the lexical and grammatical interplay between units in a syntagm and how authentic corpus material and complementary prose-style usage notes are a useful guide to text production or reception.

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Author:Petra StorjohannGND
Parent Title (English):Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics Conference 2009, Liverpool
Publisher:University of Liverpool
Place of publication:Liverpool
Editor:Michaela Mahlberg, Victorina González-Díaz, Catherine Smith
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of first Publication:2010
Date of Publication (online):2016/06/21
GND Keyword:Computerunterstützte Lexikographie; Deutsch; Korpus <Linguistik>; Syntagma
Dewey Decimal Classification:400 Sprache / 410 Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
BDSL-Classification:Lexikographie, Wörterbücher
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung 3.0 Deutschland