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A model for describing speech act verbs. The semantic base of a polyfunctional dictionary

  • In this paper we present a new approach to lexicographical design for the description of German speech act verbs. This approach is based on an action-theoretical semantic conception. The several conditions for linguistic action provide the basis for the elaboration of the central semantic features. The systematic relationship of these features is reflected in the organization of a lexical database which allows various possibilities of access to different types of lexical information. In the following paper we shall give an outline of the semantic framework for describing speech act verbs, i. e. verbs of communication, with the practical goal of a semantical database for a (dictionary of) synonymy of German speech act verbs which enables the user not only to find a list of synonymous verbs but also enables him to gain an insight into the semantic relations between the words. The semantic framework is based on (i) a set of conditions for performing speech acts as the relevant domain of reference (ii) the introduction of a notion of situation, or better type of situation The performative as well as the descriptive use of the verbs can be reduced to their fundamental dependency on the situations in which they are used: on the one hand with regard to the possibility of the action itself, and on the other hand with regard to the possibility of their designation. For both ways of use the relevant aspects of the situation constitute the necessary conditions.

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Author:Gisela Harras, Edeltraud Winkler
Parent Title (English):Proceedings of the 6th EURALEX International Congress
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Editor:Willy Martin, Willem Meijs, Margreet Moerland, Elsemiek ten Pas, Piet van Sterkenburg, Piek Vossen
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of first Publication:1994
Date of Publication (online):2016/03/14
GND Keyword:Semantik; Sprechakt; Synonym; Verb; Wörterbuch
First Page:440
Last Page:448
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 410 Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Keine kommerzielle Nutzung-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland