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Different Views on Markup

Subtitle (English):Linguistic Modeling of Information and Markup Languages. Contributions to Language Technology
  • In this chapter, two different ways of grouping information represented in document markup are examined: annotation levels, referring to conceptual levels of description, and annotation layers, referring to the technical realisation of markup using e.g. document grammars. In many current XML annotation projects, multiple levels are integrated into one layer, often leading to the problem of having to deal with overlapping hierarchies. As a solution, we propose a framework for XML-based multiple, independent XML annotation layers for one text, based on an abstract representation of XML documents with logical predicates. Two realisations of the abstract representation are presented, a Prolog fact base format together with an application architecture, and a specification for XML native databases. We conclude with a discussion of projects that have currently adopted this framework.

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Author:Daniela Goecke, Harald LüngenGND, Dieter Metzing, Maik Stührenberg, Andreas WittORCiDGND
Series (Serial Number):Text, Speech and Language Technology (41)
Place of publication:Dordrecht
Editor:Andreas Witt, Dieter Metzing
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2010
Date of Publication (online):2015/12/16
Tag:Annotations; Concurrent markup; XML (Extensible Markup Language)
GND Keyword:Annotation; Computerlinguistik; XML
First Page:1
Last Page:22
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 410 Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt