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Sprachkontakt in der Schule: Deutschunterricht in Mikronesien (1884-1914)

  • During German colonialism in the Pacific, language contact between German and the local languages took place in different areas and in varying intensity. The numbers of native speakers of German were low, and in many cases German was not the means of communication, so that comparatively little language contact occurred naturally. Despite this situation, several native languages in the German colonial area integrated loanwords from German and preserved them up until today. Quantitative differences in borrowing between the affected languages are arguably due to extralinguistic factors influencing contact duration and intensity as well as local language attitudes. There is one area where the use of German was explicitly supported by the government: These are schools. The present paper investigates the numbers of students who came into contact with instruction of or in German. Many schools were mission-run, and in particular non-German missions had problems finding qualified teachers for their German instruction. Following an overview of population proportions regarding speakers of German and school attendance, this paper compares quantitative loanword data to contact opportunities with German in schools, drawing a tentative conclusion on whether instruction in German, as one extralinguistic factor influencing language contact, had a measurable effect on lexical borrowing from German.

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Author:Doris Stolberg
Parent Title (German):Sprachwissenschaft und kolonialzeitlicher Sprachkontakt: sprachliche Begegnungen und Auseinandersetzungen
Series (Serial Number):Koloniale und postkoloniale Linguistik (3)
Publisher:Akademie Verlag
Place of publication:Berlin
Editor:Stefan Engelberg, Doris Stolberg
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2012
Date of Publication (online):2015/01/14
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Deutschland; Kolonialismus; Lehnwort; Pazifischer Ozean <Süd>; Sprachkontakt
First Page:139
Last Page:162
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Lexikologie / Etymologie
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt