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Freie Relativsätze mit d-Pronomen

  • In the present-day Germanic languages, free relatives (FRs) share formal properties with indirect question in that both constructions are introduced by w-pronouns. However, at least in German (and historical stages of a larger set of languages, including English), there is an additional pattern which involves the use of d-pronouns such as German der/die/das ‘that.masc./fem./neut.’, which typically introduce headed relative clauses. Focusing on presentday German, this paper shows that d-FRs are set apart from w-FRs by a number of properties including syntactic distribution in the matrix clause, behavior with respect to matching effects, inventory of pronominal forms, and semantic interpretation. From these observations, it is concluded that d-FRs should not be analyzed on a par with w-FRs. More precisely, we argue that d-FRs are in fact regular headed (restrictive) relative clauses where the relative pronoun has been deleted under identity with a demonstrative antecedent. This apparent instance of syntactic haplology is then analyzed as resulting from the same mechanism that eliminates copies/traces in movement dependencies.

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Author:Eric Fuß, Günther Grewendorf
Parent Title (German):Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2014
Date of Publication (online):2014/11/17
Tag:German syntax; copy deletion; d-pronouns; free relative clauses; matching effects; phase theory; syntactic haplology; w-pronouns
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Pronomen; Relativsatz; Syntax
First Page:165
Last Page:214
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch / 435 Deutsche Grammatik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt