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Morphophonological asymmetries in affixation

  • Morphophonological asymmetries in affixation concern systematic correlations between morphological properties of affixes (e.g. combination with bound versus free stems, position relative to stem (suffixes versus prefixes)) and their phonological properties (e.g. stress behaviour). The arguably most insightful approach to capturing relevant asymmetries invokes a notion of affix coherence, first introduced by Dixon in connection with his work on Yidiɲ, a nearly extinct language spoken in Northern Australia. This notion is based on a categorical division of affixes into ones that integrate into the phonological word of the stem and ones that do not. The integration of affixes is envisioned as being fully determined by phonological and morphological structure in a given language and verifiable by diagnostics relevant to phonological word domains (primarily the syllable and the foot structure). The assumption of two types of prosodic domains characterized by integrated versus non-integrated affixes is manifest in consistent asymmetries that pertain to morphophonological, phonological, and phonetic rules. This consistency constitutes compelling evidence for the structure-based analysis of the impact of various affixes on derived words, as opposed to alternative approaches to capturing these effects by associating affixes with diacritics (morpheme versus word boundary, class 1 versus class 2, stratum 1 versus stratum 2). The present entry aims to demonstrate, mostly on the basis of data from Germanic languages, the breadth of the empirical evidence in support of a fundamental role of affix coherence. Moreover, it aims to draw attention to the various implications of affix coherence for modeling relevant generalizations, in particular the necessary reference to a level of phonological representation characterized by a specific degree of abstractness (‘phonemic’).

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Author:Renate RaffelsiefenORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):The Wiley Blackwell companion to morphology. Volume III
Series (Serial Number):The Wiley Blackwell companions to linguistics (-)
Publisher:Wiley & Sons
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Editor:Peter Ackema, Sabrina Bendjaballah, Eulàlia Bonet, Antonio Fábregas
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2023
Date of Publication (online):2023/11/06
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS) [Zweitveröffentlichung]
Tag:abstractness; allomorphy; boundary effects; cohering affixes; optimality theory; phonemic representation; prosodic organization
GND Keyword:Affix; Allomorph; Germanische Sprachen; Morphologie <Linguistik>; Optimalitätstheorie; Phonetik; Phonologie; Prosodie; Suffix
First Page:1483
Last Page:1538
This is the accepted manuscript version of the following article: "Raffelsiefen, R. (2023). Morphophonological Asymmetries in Affixation. In The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Morphology (eds P. Ackema, S. Bendjaballah, E. Bonet and A. Fábregas)," which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119693604.morphcom050. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Linguistics-Classification:Phonetik / Phonologie
Program areas:G1: Beschreibung und Erschließung Grammatischen Wissens
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt