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What's in an accent? General spontaneous biases against nonnative accents: An investigation with conceptual and auditory IATs

  • Nonnative accents are prevalent in our globalized world and constitute highly salient cues in social perception. Whereas previous literature has commonly assumed that they cue specific social group stereotypes, we propose that nonnative accents generally trigger spontaneous negatively biased associations (due to a general nonnative accent category and perceptual influences). Accordingly, Study 1 demonstrates negative biases with conceptual IATs, targeting the general concepts of accent versus native speech, on the dimensions affect, trust, and competence, but not on sociability. Study 2 attests to negative, largely enhanced biases on all dimensions with auditory IATs comprising matched native–nonnative speaker pairs for four accent types. Biases emerged irrespective of the accent types that differed in attractiveness, recognizability of origin, and origin-linked national associations. Study 3 replicates general IAT biases with an affect IAT and a conventional evaluative IAT. These findings corroborate our hypotheses and assist in understanding general negativity toward nonnative accents.

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Author:Janin RoesselORCiDGND, Christiane SchoelGND, Dagmar StahlbergORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):European Journal of Social Psychology
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2018
Date of Publication (online):2023/05/23
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS) [Zweitveröffentlichung]
Tag:affect; implicit association test (IAT); nonnative accents; social categorization; stereotypes
GND Keyword:Affekt; Akzent; Assoziationsexperiment; Bias; Native speaker; Non-native speaker; Soziale Wahrnehmung; Stereotyp
First Page:535
Last Page:550
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Roessel, J., Schoel, C., and Stahlberg, D. (2018): What's in an accent? General spontaneous biases against nonnative accents: An investigation with conceptual and auditory IATs. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 48: 535–550., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2339. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Linguistics-Classification:Psycholinguistik / Kognitive Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt