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Head alignment in German compounds: Implications for prosodic constituency and morphological parsing

  • The notion of head alignment was introduced to account for the observation that in a word with multiple feet, one is more prominent than the others. In particular, this notion is meant to capture the characteristic edge-orientation of main stress by requiring the (left or right) word boundary and the respective (left or right) boundary of the head foot to coincide (McCarthy & Prince 1993). In the present paper the notion of head alignment will be applied to compounds, which are also characterized by the property that one of their members, located in a margin position, is most prominent. The adequacy of an analysis in terms of head alignment hinges on the question of whether observable prominence peaks associate with the boundaries of independently motivated constituents. It will be argued that such links exist for German compounds, indicating reference to at least three distinct compound categories established on morphological grounds: copulative, phrasal, and a default class of “regular” compounds. The evidence for the relevant distinctions sheds light on morphological parsing, indicating that compound categories can be – and often are – determined by properties pertaining to their complete form, rather than by conditions affecting their (original) construction.

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Author:Renate RaffelsiefenORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Headedness and/or grammatical anarchy?
Series (Serial Number):Empirically oriented theoretical morphology and syntax (11)
Publisher:Language Science Press
Place of publication:Berlin
Editor:Ulrike Freywald, Horst J. Simon, Stefan Müller
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2022
Date of Publication (online):2022/11/07
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS)
Tag:head alignment; morphological parsing; prosodic constituency
GND Keyword:Akzent; Deutsch; Kompositum; Morphologie <Linguistik>; Prosodie
First Page:233
Last Page:293
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 430 Deutsch / 430 Deutsch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Program areas:G1: Beschreibung und Erschließung Grammatischen Wissens
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International