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Clause linkage and degrees of grammaticalization: The case of verdienen with correlated and non-correlated dass- and infinitival complements

  • This paper deals with different types of verbal complementation of the German verb verdienen. It focuses on constructions that have been undergoing a grammaticalization process and thus express deontic modality, as in Sie verdient geliebt zu werden (ʽShe deserves to be lovedʼ) and Sie verdient zu leben (ʽShe deserves to liveʼ) (Diewald, Dekalo & Czicza 2021). These constructions are connected to parallel complementation types with passive and active infinitives containing a correlate es, as in Sie verdient es, geliebt zu werden and Sie verdient es, zu leben, as well as finite clauses with the subordinator dass with and without correlative es, as in Sie verdient, dass sie geliebt wird and Sie verdient es, dass sie geliebt wird. This paper attempts to show a close comparative investigation of these six types of constructions based on their relevant semantic and syntactic properties in terms of clause linkage (Lehmann 1988). We analyze the relevant data retrieved from the DWDS corpus of the 20th century and present an expanded grammaticalization path for verdienen-constructions. The finite complementation with dass is regarded as an example of a separate structural option called “elaboration”. Concerning the use of correlative es, it is shown that it does not have any substantial effect on the grammaticalization of modal verdienen-constructions.

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Author:Dániel CziczaGND, Gabriele DiewaldORCiDGND, Volodymyr DekaloGND
Parent Title (English):Constructions and Frames (Special Issue). Variation and Grammaticalization of Verbal Constructions
Publisher:John Benjamins
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Editor:Dániel Czicza, Gabriele Diewald
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2022
Date of Publication (online):2022/06/23
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS) [Zweitveröffentlichung]
Tag:animacy; clause linkage; coherent construction; correlate; grammaticalization; incoherent construction; infinitival complements; mixed-effects logistic regression models
First Page:181
Last Page:223
This is a postprint of an article that was published in the book "OKAY across Languages: Toward a comparative approach to its use in talk-in-interaction". The published article is under copyright of Benjamins. The publisher should be contacted for permission to re-use or reprint the material in any form.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 420 Englisch
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt