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Prohibitive and its relation with the imperative

  • The prohibitive is typically defined as the negative imperative, i.e. it “implies making someone not do something, having the effect of forbidding, preventing, or restricting” (Aikhenvald, 2017: 3). This chapter focuses on the formation of the prohibitive in the languages of Daghestan and neighboring regions, analyzing two different aspects of the morphological coding: first, the verb form (especially whether it is an imperative form or not), and second, the type of negation marker/affix used. Based on this, the general encoding types are deduced. Additionally, the phonological form of the markers is shortly analyzed.

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Author:Samira Ochs
Parent Title (English):Typological Atlas of the languages of Daghestan (TALD)
Publisher:Linguistic Convergence Laboratory, HSE University
Place of publication:Moscow
Editor:Michael Daniel, Konstantin Filatov, Timur A. Maisak, George Moroz, Timofey Mukhin, Chiara Naccarato, Samira Verhees
Document Type:Other
Year of first Publication:2021
Date of Publication (online):2022/05/13
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS)
Tag:encoding; prohibitive; prohibitive markers
GND Keyword:Dagestan; Imperativ; Kontrastive Grammatik; Morphologie <Linguistik>; Negation; Phonologie
Page Number:9
accompanying maps & data
Elektronische dynamische Ressource
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International