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The timing of utterance planning in task-oriented dialogue: evidence from a novel list-completion paradigm

  • In conversation, interlocutors rarely leave long gaps between turns, suggesting that next speakers begin to plan their turns while listening to the previous speaker. The present experiment used analyses of speech onset latencies and eye-movements in a task-oriented dialogue paradigm to investigate when speakers start planning their responses. German speakers heard a confederate describe sets of objects in utterances that either ended in a noun [e.g., Ich habe eine Tür und ein Fahrrad (“I have a door and a bicycle”)] or a verb form [e.g., Ich habe eine Tür und ein Fahrrad besorgt (“I have gotten a door and a bicycle”)], while the presence or absence of the final verb either was or was not predictable from the preceding sentence structure. In response, participants had to name any unnamed objects they could see in their own displays with utterances such as Ich habe ein Ei (“I have an egg”). The results show that speakers begin to plan their turns as soon as sufficient information is available to do so, irrespective of further incoming words.

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Author:Mathias BarthelORCiD, Sebastian SauppeORCiDGND, Stephen C. LevinsonORCiDGND, Antje S. MeyerORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
Place of publication:Lausanne
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2016
Date of Publication (online):2022/04/19
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS)
Tag:eye-movements; planning; prediction; production; task-oriented dialogue; timing of turn-taking
GND Keyword:Augenbewegung; Deutsch; Dialog; Gespräch; Kognitive Linguistik; Konversationsanalyse; Planung; Sprecherwechsel; Syntax; Vorhersagbarkeit
Page Number:13
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:ja
Linguistics-Classification:Pragmalinguistik / Kommunikationsforschung
Linguistics-Classification:Psycholinguistik / Kognitive Linguistik
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International