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Intention ascriptions as a means to coordinate own actions with others’ actions

  • While the role of intentions in the constitution of actions gives rise to complex and heavily controversial questions, it appears to be indisputable that action ascription in interaction mostly does without any overt ascription of intention. Yet, sometimes participants explicitly ascribe intentions to their interlocutors in order to make sense of their prior actions. The chapter examines intention ascriptions in response to a partner’s adjacent prior turn using the German modal verb construction willst du/wollen Sie (do you want). The analysis focuses on the aspect of the prior action the intention ascription addresses (action type, projected next action, motive etc.), the action the intention ascription performs itself, and the next action they make relevant from the prior speaker. It was found that intention ascriptions are used to clarify and intersubjectively ground the meaning of the prior turn, which seems otherwise underspecified, ambiguous or puzzling. Yet, they are also used to adumbrate criticism, e.g., that the prior turn projects a course of future actions which is considered to be inadequate, or to expose a concealed, problematic allegedly “real” meaning of the prior turn.

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Author:Arnulf DeppermannORCiDGND, Julia KaiserGND
Parent Title (English):Action ascription in interaction
Series (Serial Number):Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics (35)
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Place of publication:Cambridge
Editor:Arnulf Deppermann, Michael Haugh
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2022
Date of Publication (online):2022/04/04
Publishing Institution:Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Sprache (IDS)
Tag:German; action ascription; formulation; intention; intersubjectivity; modal verb constructions
GND Keyword:Deutsch; Formulierung; Handlung; Intention; Intersubjektivität; Konversationsanalyse; Kritik; Modalverb
First Page:135
Last Page:159
Dieser Beitrag ist aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen online nicht frei zugänglich.
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:nein
Program areas:P2: Mündliche Korpora
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt