Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

Parafoveal versus foveal N400s dissociate spreading activation from contextual fit

  • Using concurrent electroencephalogram and eye movement measures to track natural reading, this study shows that N400 effects reflecting predictability are dissociable from those owing to spreading activation. In comparing predicted sentence endings with related and unrelated unpredicted endings in antonym constructions (‘the opposite of black is white/yellow/nice’), fixation-related potentials at the critical word revealed a predictability-based N400 effect (unpredicted vs. predicted words). By contrast, event-related potentials time locked to the last fixation before the critical word showed an N400 only for the nonrelated unpredicted condition (nice). This effect is attributed to a parafoveal mismatch between the critical word and preactivated lexical features (i.e. features of the predicted word and its associates). In addition to providing the first demonstration of a parafoveally induced N400 effect, our results support the view that the N400 is best viewed as a component family.

Download full text files

  • Kretzschmar_Parafoveal_versus_foveal_N400s_2009.pdf
    eng

    (IDS-intern)

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar

Statistics

frontdoor_oas
Metadaten
Author:Franziska KretzschmarGND, Ina Bornkessel-SchlesewskyORCiDGND, Matthias SchlesewskyGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:mh39-102464
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e328332c4f4
ISSN:0959-4965
Parent Title (English):NeuroReport
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication:Philadelphia
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2009
Date of Publication (online):2020/12/18
Reviewstate:Peer-Review
Tag:N400; evoked potentials; eye movements; fixation-related potentials; psycholinguistics; reading; semantic predictability; semantic relatedness
GND Keyword:Blickregistrierung; Evoziertes Potenzial; Kognitive Semantik; Psycholinguistik; Semantik; Sprachverarbeitung <Psycholinguistik>
Volume:20
Issue:18
First Page:1613
Last Page:1618
DDC classes:400 Sprache / 400 Sprache, Linguistik
Open Access?:nein
Licence (German):Es gilt das UrhG