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Bau von und Umbau zu Adverbien: Präpositionen, Vergleiche und Flexion

  • This chapter focuses on the formation of adverbs from a corpuslinguistic perspective, providing an overview of adverb formation patterns in German that includes frequencies and hints to productivity as well as combining quantitative methods and theoretically founded hypotheses to address questions that concern possible grammaticalization paths in domains that are formally marked by prepositional elements or inflectional morphology (in particular, superlative or superlative-derived forms). Within our collection of adverb types from the project corpus, special attention is paid to adverbs built from primary prepositions. The data suggest that generally, such adverb formation involves the saturation of the internal argument slot of the relation-denoting preposition. In morphologically regular formations with the preposition in final position, pronominal forms like da ‘there’, hier ‘here’, wo ‘where’ as well as hin ‘hither’ and her ‘thither’ serve to derive adverbs. On the other hand, morphologically irregular formations with the preposition – in particular: zu ‘to’ or vor ‘before, in front of’ – in initial posi-tion show traits of syntactic origin such as (remnants of) inflectional morphology. The pertaining adverb type dominantly saturates the internal argument slot by means of universal quantification that is part and parcel as well of the derivation of superlatives and demonstrably fuels the productivity of the pertaining formation pattern.

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Author:Patrick BrandtGND
Parent Title (German):Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen. Bd. 1
Series (Serial Number):Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen (1)
Publisher:Heidelberg University Publishing
Place of publication:Heidelberg
Editor:Marek Konopka, Angelika Wöllstein, Ekkehard Felder
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of first Publication:2020
Date of Publication (online):2020/12/02
Tag:adverb formation; argument saturation; inflection; primary preposition; superlative; zero derivation
GND Keyword:Ableitung <Linguistik>; Adverb; Flexion; Korpus <Linguistik>; Superlativ; Wortbildung
First Page:65
Last Page:98
DDC classes:400 Sprache
Open Access?:ja
Leibniz-Classification:Sprache, Linguistik
Program areas:G1: Beschreibung und Erschließung Grammatischen Wissens
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International